Spray-drying microencapsulation of tea extracts using green starch, alginate or carrageenan as carrier materials
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/4250
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0141813022001441
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2399 Otras Especialidades Químicas ; 3303 Ingeniería y Tecnología Químicas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Tea industry generates many by-products which could be used to produce and incorporate bioactive tea extracts (TE) into nutraceuticals, cosmetics and/or clinical applications. However, sensibility to external factors is a major disadvantage hindering its utilization. This study deals with the implementation and characterization of suitable biopolymer delivery systems based on starch, carrageenan or alginate, as microencapsulation, to stabilize and protect TE through innovative thin-carbohydrate-coated formulations. TE were spray-dried and microencapsulated in recycled carrier materials (alginate, carrageenan or starch). Product yields varied from 55 to 58%. High microencapsulation and loading efficiencies were achieved (60–93% and 65–84%, respectively). Antioxidant capacity varied from 32 to 46 g Trolox/100 g extract, within different carrier-systems; which also showed promising rheological and UV-protective properties when transformed into gels. Total phenolic content, particle-size distribution, HPSEC-analysis, SEM-analysis and FTIR-analysis were also performed. In sum, this paper characterizes and discusses the high potential of these recycled carbohydrate-coated microparticles for future applications
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