Effects of elevated CO2 and phytoplankton-derived organic matter on the metabolism of bacterial communities from coastal waters
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/4295
EDITED VERSION: https://bg.copernicus.org/articles/15/6927/2018/
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Microcosm experiments to assess the bacterioplankton's response to phytoplankton-derived organic matter obtained under current and future ocean CO2 levels were performed. Surface seawater enriched with inorganic nutrients was bubbled for 8 days with air (current CO2 scenario) or with a 1000 ppm CO2 air mixture (future CO2 scenario) under solar radiation. The organic matter produced under the current and future CO2 scenarios was subsequently used as an inoculum. Triplicate 12 L flasks filled with 1.2 µm of filtered natural seawater enriched with the organic matter inocula were incubated in the dark for 8 days under CO2 conditions simulating current and future CO2 scenarios, to study the bacterial response. The acidification of the media increased bacterial respiration at the beginning of the experiment, while the addition of the organic matter produced under future levels of CO2 was related to changes in bacterial production and abundance. This resulted in a 67 % increase in the integrated bacterial respiration under future CO2 conditions compared to present CO2 conditions and 41 % higher integrated bacterial abundance with the addition of the acidified organic matter compared to samples with the addition of non acidified organic matter. This study demonstrates that the increase in atmospheric CO2 levels can impact bacterioplankton metabolism directly, by changes in the respiration rate, and indirectly, by changes on the organic matter, which affected bacterial production and abundance.
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