Understanding the characteristics of at-risk youths in Guatemala: Eevidence from a sports for human development program
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/4429
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9067/10/1/134
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2411.06 Fisiología del Ejercicio ; 6102 Psicología del Niño y del Adolescente ; 6310 Problemas Sociales
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Guatemala is a multiethnic and multicultural country that has suffered from poverty and violence. Sports can serve as tool to foster development across the country; however, there is limited research on the use of sports as a tool for promoting broader social benefits in Guatemala. The purpose of this study was to compare sports and the health and physiological characteristics of at-risk youths in Guatemala. The research objectives were achieved through a quantitative approach and the participation of 90 youths involved in an educational organization through sports and 91 youths who have not been influenced by any organization. The results showed that urban at-risk youths involved in a sports for education organization develop more self-esteem; they have higher levels of physical activity than their peers who are not involved in an educational organization; the socioemotional competencies of self-regulation and motivation are higher in urban areas; empathy is higher in men than in women; the level of the self-perception of health is lower and health literacy higher. However, the at-risk youths who are not involved in an educational organization showed that their self-regulation was higher, and the level of health literacy was higher for all factors. This was through a set of attitudes and skills as a result of their historical development and sociocultural strategies transmitted from generation to generation to foster health and physical activity.
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