Optimization of the operational conditions to produce extracellular and cell-bound biosurfactants by Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus using corn steep liquor as a unique source of nutrients
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/4784
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2311-5637/9/4/351
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The relevance of this work lies in the fact that it is the first time that corn steep liquor (CSL) has been proposed as a unique source of nutrients for producing biosurfactants in a controlled fermentation and Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus, isolated from CSL, has been evaluated for producing extracellular and cell-bound biosurfactants in a controlled fermentation, using secondary raw materials as a source of nutrients. In the present study, A. aneurinilyticus was inoculated into the culture medium containing sterilized CSL solutions (100–400 g L−1) and incubated using different temperatures (20–60 °C) and fermentation times (8–30 days). The dependent variables under study were the concentration of extracellular biosurfactants and cell-bound biosurfactant production in terms of critical micellar concentration (CMC), as well as the C/N ratio for cell-bound biosurfactant extracts. It was observed that CSL could increase the concentration of extracellular biosurfactants produced by A. aneurinilyticus if these were fermented during 19 days at 40 °C, using 250 g L−1 of CSL; a mean value of 6 g L−1 for extracellular biosurfactants and favorable CMC concentrations enabled the detection of cell-bound biosurfactant extracts under these conditions. Hence, these conditions could be considered optimal for producing both extracellular and cell-bound biosurfactants from CSL.
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