Clarithromycin as soil and environmental pollutant: Adsorption-desorption processes and influence of pH
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/5012
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0013935123013245
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Antibiotics pollution is a growing environmental issue, as high amounts of these compounds are found in soil, water and sediments. This work studies the adsorption/desorption of the macrolide antibiotic clarithromycin (CLA) for 17 agricultural soils with different edaphic characteristics. The research was carried out using batch-type experiments, with an additional assessment of the specific influence of pH for 6 of the soils. The results show that CLA adsorption reaches between 26 and 95%. In addition, the fit of the experimental data to adsorption models provided values between 1.9 and 19.7 Ln μmol1−n kg−1 for the KF, Freundlich affinity coefficient, and between 2.5 and 10.5 L kg−1 for Kd, distribution constant of Linear model. Regarding the linearity index, n, it varied between 0.56 and 1.34. Desorption showed lower scores than adsorption, with an average of 20%, and with values of 3.1 and 93.0 Ln μmol1−n kg−1 for KF(des) and 4.4 and 95.0 L kg−1 for Kd(des). The edaphic characteristics with the highest influence on adsorption were the silt fraction content and the exchangeable Ca content, while in the case of desorption, they were the total nitrogen, organic carbon, and exchangeable Ca and Mg contents. Regarding the pH, within the range studied (between 3 and 10), its value did not decisively affect the adsorption/desorption process. Overall, the set of these results could be of help to program appropriate measures leading to the retention/elimination of this antibiotic when it reaches the environment as a pollutant.
Files in this item
- Rodríguez-López, et al., 2023.pdf