Automatic explanation of the classification of Spanish legal judgments in jurisdiction-dependent law categories with tree estimators
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/5019
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S131915782300188X
UNESCO SUBJECT: 1203.04 Inteligencia Artificial ; 5701.04 Lingüística Informatizada ; 3325 Tecnología de las Telecomunicaciones
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Automatic legal text classification systems have been proposed in the literature to address knowledge extraction from judgments and detect their aspects. However, most of these systems are black boxes even when their models are interpretable. This may raise concerns about their trustworthiness. Accordingly, this work contributes with a system combining Natural Language Processing (nlp) with Machine Learning (ml) to classify legal texts in an explainable manner. We analyze the features involved in the decision and the threshold bifurcation values of the decision paths of tree structures and present this information to the users in natural language. This is the first work on automatic analysis of legal texts combining nlp and ml along with Explainable Artificial Intelligence techniques to automatically make the models’ decisions understandable to end users. Furthermore, legal experts have validated our solution, and this knowledge has also been incorporated into the explanation process as “expert-in-the-loop” dictionaries. Experimental results on an annotated data set in law categories by jurisdiction demonstrate that our system yields competitive classification performance, with accuracy values well above 90%, and that its automatic explanations are easily understandable even to non-expert users.
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