Application of indole-alkaloid harmaline induces physical damage to photosystem II antenna complexes in adult plants of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/5032
EDITED VERSION: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jafc.3c00531
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Finding herbicides with new and multiple modes of action is a solution to stop the increase in resistant weed species. Harmaline, a natural alkaloid with proven phytotoxic potential, was tested on Arabidopsis adult plants by watering and spraying; watering resulted as the more effective treatment. Harmaline altered several photosynthetic parameters, reducing the efficiency of the light- (ΦII) and dark-adapted (Fv/Fm) PSII, suggesting physical damages in photosystem II, although dissipation of the energy in excess under the form of heat was not compromised as demonstrated by the significant increase in ΦNPQ. Metabolomic alterations, such as osmoprotectant accumulation and reduction in sugars’ content, also indicate a reduction of photosynthetic efficiency and suggest early senescence and water status alteration induced by harmaline. Data suggest that harmaline might be considered a new phytotoxic molecule interesting for further studies.
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